Peter Roehr was born in Lauenburg, Germany. He studied at the Werkkunstschule in Wiesbaden, and both lived and worked in Frankfurt, Germany. His work is included in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven; Museum für Moderne Kunst (MMK), Frankfurt; Städel Museum, Frankfurt; Museum Ludwig, Cologne; Daimler Art Collection, Stuttgart; and Kunstmuseum Stuttgart. Roehr was the subject of retrospectives in 1977 at Kunsthalle Tübingen, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum and Frankfurter Kunstverein; in 1978 at Kunstmuseum Luzern and Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; and in 1991, 2004 and 2009 at MMK. Joint exhibitions with Charlotte Posenenske were presented at the Haus Konstruktiv, Zurich in 2010 and at the Chinati Foundation, Marfa in 2015.